ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTMINI. ENFERMEDAD DE MINAMATA Síndrome causado por envenenamiento por mercurio. ENVENENAMIENTO POR MERCURIO PRODUCCIÓN. Company Logo () Enfermedad de Minamata Resumen En , en la ciudad de Minamata (Japón), comenzaron a aparecer personas.

Author: Faugis Bajinn
Country: Bahamas
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Science
Published (Last): 13 February 2010
Pages: 116
PDF File Size: 11.68 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.93 Mb
ISBN: 127-2-49401-569-9
Downloads: 55382
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shatilar

Indeed, Chisso did later set up a subsidiary to reclaim and sell the mercury recovered from the sludge.

Patients who were certified by a Ministry of Health and Welfare committee would be compensated: Eugene Smith brought world attention to Minamata disease.

What was not known at the time was that exactly the opposite is the case with methylmercury: Devon colic Swill milk scandal Bradford sweets poisoning English beer poisoning Morinaga Milk arsenic poisoning incident Minamata disease Iraq poison grain disaster Toxic oil syndrome Jack in the Box E.

Chisso was coming under closer scrutiny and to deflect criticism, the wastewater output route was changed. The highest result recorded was that of a woman from Goshonoura island who had ppm in her sample.

The deception minamatx successful and almost all parties involved in Minamata disease were duped into believing that the factory’s wastewater had been made safe from December onward.

Minamata disease broke out again inthis time along the banks of the Agano River in Niigata Prefecture. The committee was forced to revise its plan and the patients waited inside the ministry building for two days while they did enfermedav.

Un año del Convenio de Minamata sobre el mercurio

They required that patients must exhibit all symptoms of Hunter-Russell syndrome — the standard diagnosis of organic mercury poisoning at the time — which originated from an industrial accident in the United Kingdom in The defendant cannot escape liability for negligence. While the struggles of minamaat arbitration and litigation groups against Chisso were continuing, a new group of Minamata disease sufferers emerged. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.

He explained his experiments with cats, including the infamous “cat “, which developed Minamata disease after being fed factory wastewater.


Un año del Convenio de Minamata sobre el mercurio | UN Environment

During the investigation by researchers at Kumamoto Universitythe causal substance had been identified as a heavy metal and it was widely presumed that the Chisso plant was the source of the contamination. Dnfermedad arbitration group were dismayed by the sums on offer.

It minamaata posed by Smith with the co-operation of Ryoko and Tomoko to dramatically illustrate the consequences of enfermesad disease. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. The scientific research carried out in Niigata forced a re-examination of that done in Minamata and the decision of Niigata patients to sue the polluting company allowed the same response to be considered in Minamata.

They found that the victims, often members of the same family, were clustered in fishing hamlets along the shore of Minamata Bay. During andmany different theories were proposed by different researchers. Tomoko was poisoned by methylmercury while still in the womb. His minamwta cover the years to the present, with Minamata victims as his subjects. Unlike the patients in Minamata, the victims of Showa Denko’s pollution lived a considerable distance from the factory and had no particular link to the company.

Around this minsmata, two other pollution-related diseases were also grabbing headlines in Japan. The issue of quantifying the impact of Minamata disease is complicated, as a full epidemiological study has never been conducted and patients were recognised only if they voluntarily applied to a certification council to seek financial compensation. A committee was set up by Minamata Mayor Todomu Nakamura to mediate between the two sides, but this committee was stacked heavily in the company’s favour.

Munamata beginning a sit-in at the factory gates in Novemberthe patients asked Kumamoto Prefecture Governor Hirosaku Teramoto to include the patients’ request for compensation with the mediation that was ongoing with the prefectural fishing alliance.

The most famous and striking photo of the essay, Tomoko Uemura in Her Bath shows Ryoko Uemura, holding her severely deformed daughter, Tomoko, in a Japanese bath chamber. Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan. Minamata disease remains an important issue in contemporary Japanese society. One woman was visited personally by a Chisso executive and harassed by her neighbours. The Chisso Corporation first opened a chemical factory in Minamata in Some people feared the disease to be contagious, and many local people were fiercely loyal ejfermedad Chisso, depending on the company for their livelihoods.


As in Dde, from the autumn of to the spring ofcats living along the banks of the Agano River had been seen to go mad and die. Fisheries were damaged in terms of reduced catches, and in response, Chisso reached two separate compensation agreements with the fishery cooperative in and As soon as the investigation identified a heavy metal as the causal substance, the wastewater from the Chisso plant was immediately suspected as the origin.

Methylmercuryan organic mercury compound released in factory wastewater and the cause of Minamata disease. Accessed 4 January As the extent of the outbreak was understood, the committee invited researchers from Kumamoto University to help in the research effort. Slowly but surely, the mood in Minamata and Japan as a whole was shifting. Minamata disease patients last appeared inand the outbreak has ended. Despite this, from September mnamata, instead of discharging its waste into Hyakken Harbour the focus of minzmata and source of original contaminationit discharged wastewater directly into Minamata River.

To some patients, this ostracism by the community represented a greater fear than the disease itself. This led the researchers to believe that the outbreak was caused by some kind of food poisoningwith contaminated fish and shellfish being the prime suspects.

Signs and symptoms include ataxianumbness enfermedas the hands and feet, general muscle weaknessloss of peripheral visionand damage to hearing and speech. Chisso’s president Kiichi Yoshioka drank a glass of water supposedly treated through enfermexad Cyclator to demonstrate that it was safe.